Florence among the cities of art of Italy, as well as the capital of the Tuscany, is universally recognized as the cradle of the Renaissance. In this splendid city of origins Etruscan e Romane the first human settlements date back to 9th century BC around the River Arno that still today crosses the city and on the hills of Fiesole around 'Florentia', as it was called Florence from etruscans. From 59 BC it becomes a military settlement. Roman (castrum) on the banks of theArno forming the ancient city with a rectangular plan, surrounded by walls and with a central square inside (hole) in which the main streets (Cardo and Decumanos). In age medieval and despite the internal conflicts between Guelphs e Ghibellini Florence became one of the richest and most powerful cities in Europe. Among the leading exponents of the Florence of the 13th century we cannot fail to mention Dante Alighieri considered the Father of the Italian language. The Renaissance has seen, among the prominent people who have lived in this city, artists and scientists of the caliber of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, Machiavelli, Botticelli, Galileo to name a few. In more recent times (1865) Florence was Capital of Italy until 1871. Between XIX e 20th century the population doubles and then triples thanks to tourism, commerce and industry. Still today Florence is one of the cities of art in Italy with the largest number of visitors each year.
Among the interesting places to visit in Florence: the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Church of Santa Croce, Old Bridge, Old Palace, the Piazza della Signoria, Pitti Square.
The Chianti is the production area of one of the most ancient wines in Italy and in the world. Just think about the year of foundation (1716) of the Chianti Classico Consortium, which includes some hundreds of wineries, to understand immediately that wine is a secular Italian tradition. And thanks to this historicity, today's trip is also an opportunity to learn more about one of the most enduring wines of the world. Tuscany and the world. The stop at one of the wineries of the Chianti for a tasting (and why not a lunch as well) will make your day even more precious.
The excursion of Florence and the Chianti foresees departure from the Port of Livorno at 8am and return at 5pm. The total duration, including transportation, is about 9 hours. Florence can be visited independently, but if you want a more in-depth historical and complete visit we suggest to do it with a local Authorized Guide (at an additional cost, always book it with us) for about 2/2,5 hours.